Root cause analysis is the process of discovering the root causes of problems in order to identify appropriate solutions. Root Cause Analysis assumes that it is much more effective to systematically prevent and solve underlying issues rather than just treating ad hoc symptoms and putting out fires.

There are a few core principles that guide effective root cause analysis, some of which should already be apparent. Not only will these help the analysis quality, but they will also help the analyst gain trust and buy-in from stakeholders, clients, or patients.
  • Focus on correcting and remedying root causes rather than just symptoms.
  • Don’t ignore the importance of treating symptoms for short-term relief.
  • Realize there can be, and often are, multiple root causes.
  • Focus on HOW and WHY something happened, not WHO was responsible.
  • Be methodical and find concrete cause-effect evidence to back up root cause claims.
  • Provide enough information to inform a corrective course of action.
  • Consider how a root cause can be prevented (or replicated) in the future.
There are five steps in Root Cause Analysis.
  • You first need to define the problem. What is happening and what are the symptoms of it?
  • Step two is to collect data about the situation. How long has the problem existed? What is its impact? What can you learn about it?
  • Step three is to identify possible causes. What events led to this problem? What conditions allow this problem to occur?
  • Next, it's time to identify the root cause. What is responsible for the problems you identified in the last step?
  • Once you've identified the root cause, the last step is to implement a solution to fix it.

5 Why's

What stood out to me was when I learned about the 5 Whys. I got to understand that when applying the 5 Whys technique, you want to get to the problem's essence and then fix it. but, the 5 Why's may also show you that the source of the problem is quite unexpected. The 5why's can be performed anytime and it is a repeated process.

In regards to my social issue, I'm looking forward to identifying the root causes and figuring out ways to lessen the impact of pornography in the society and world at large.


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